What We Know About Transfer
Davis Jenkins and John Fink

This research overview reviews recent findings on transfer from community colleges to four-year institutions, including student transfer patterns, student outcomes, barriers to transfer, the economic benefits of transfer, and the potential benefits of vertical transfer for four-year colleges and universities. Overall, the returns to transfer are strong, and transfer offers a vital route to a bachelor’s degree for many underserved students. However, there are significant barriers to transfer—particularly the loss of credits many community college students experience when they transition to four-year institutions. Improving the transfer process and ensuring students can transfer credits efficiently has the potential to substantially raise college attainment and thereby contribute to upward mobility.