School Discipline Data: A Snapshot of Legislative Action – CSG Justice Center

Research suggests that suspensions, expulsions, and other disciplinary actions that remove  youth from their classrooms put students at greater risk for poor academic and behavioral outcomes. These students are more likely to repeat a grade, drop out of school, receive future disciplinary actions, or become involved in the juvenile justice system. Youth of color, English Language Learners (ELLs), LGBT youth, and those with identified special education needs tend to experience exclusionary discipline actions at higher rates than their peers.

Although school discipline data collection and reporting efforts are not mandated by federal law, states, districts, and campuses may choose to collect, report, and analyze school discipline data to better assess the scope and impact of school disciplinary actions. It is only by collecting and analyzing data that schools, districts, and states can understand how policies and practices affect particular groups of students and can create more effective and equitable disciplinary procedures.