The National Science Foundation: A Brief History
This is a history of the National Science Foundation, providing interesting and little-mentioned nuggets on the federal government’s involvement in establishing rigorous lab research facilities after World War II and early efforts to train science teachers at the high school level. One eye-catcher in particular: Federal officials were worried that the uptick in college science students and graduates through the G.I. Bill would overwhelm laboratory supplies, creating an impetus to provide new lab equipment for a generation of science students.
And, even before Sputnik, Congress encouraged NSF to offer science workshops to high school teachers.