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In MIT Survey, 1 In 6 Female Students Report Being Victim Of Sex Assault

About one in six female undergraduates at MIT who responded to an anonymous survey said they had been sexually assaulted while enrolled at the university, but only 5 percent said they reported the crime, according to results released Monday by the school.

With its comprehensive survey, MIT became the highest-profile college to put such a specific estimate on the prevalence of sexual violence on campus, amid heightened national attention on the issue.

Many schools have been hesitant to conduct such surveys, but advocates have urged colleges to do so because victims are more likely to reveal that they were assaulted if they can remain anonymous. Undergraduates, in particular, are viewed as most at risk. In an e-mail to the MIT campus community, university president L. Rafael Reif said he was “disturbed by the extent and nature of the problem’’ reflected in the survey results.