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Questions to Ask About Research Reviews
Here are 12 questions to guide journalists as they assess the quality of a research review:

Here are 12 questions to guide journalists as they assess the quality of a research review:

  1. Do the authors explain how they decided what kinds of studies to include in their analysis?
  2. Do they describe the search process and search terms used to find all of the studies?
  3. After finding studies on their topic of interest, do the authors explain their reasons for excluding any of the studies?
  4. How old are the studies included?
  5. How old is the research review?
  6. How similar or dissimilar are the methodologies used in the studies the authors analyzed? (For example, did researchers collect similar types of data in similar ways using a similar sample?) Does any of the research take place outside the United States? How, if at all, might this impact the relevance of the findings to the story you are covering?
  7. How did the authors handle the poorest quality studies they chose to include?
  8. What are the authors’ credentials?
  9. Do the authors have any conflicts of interest?
  10. Who funded this review?
  11. Do the authors offer a detailed explanation of the limitations of their data and their findings?
  12. Was this review published in a peer-reviewed academic journal?

– Denise-Marie Ordway