Federal Policy & Reform
The election of Republican Donald Trump is sure to reshape federal policy for education in significant ways, from prekindergarten to college, especially coupled with the GOP’s retaining control of Congress.
Although Trump spent relatively little time on education in his campaign, he did highlight the issue from time to time, from his sharp criticism of the Common Core and high student debt loads to proposing a plan to significantly expand school choice. And Congress has a long to-do list, including reauthorization of the Higher Education Act.
Now that the White House race has narrowed to Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump, how is education playing out as an issue in the campaign? Will it prove an important fault line between the Democratic and Republican candidates? Will Trump offer any details to contrast with Clinton’s extensive set of proposals from early childhood to higher education? What are the potential implications for schools and colleges depending on who wins the White House? Also, what other races this fall should be on the radar of journalists, whether elections for Congress, state legislatures, or governor?
In 2015, the Senate committee that oversees education held a hearing on ways colleges could help students amass less debt. With postsecondary debt hovering at around $1.3 trillion, any little bit can help.
If you haven’t yet heard of the U.S. Supreme Court’s decision to uphold the use of race as a factor in college admissions, you may have at least seen the #BeckyWithTheBadGrades buzz on Twitter and wondered what it meant.
Though it is in part a reference to Beyoncé’s “Lemonade” sensation, the hashtag has more to do with higher education than pop culture.
Does Federal Aid Drive College Tuition? The “greedy colleges” thesis conflicts with how nonprofit universities decide on admissions and pricing.
The first total solar eclipse to sweep across the entire continental United States in 38 years will occur on August 21, 2017. Don’t expect reauthorization of the Higher Education Act (HEA) anytime before then.
The HEA expired at the end of 2013 and it’s likely nothing will happen with it in an election year or soon thereafter, agreed a panel of journalists discussing key higher education issues and the 2016 presidential election, at the Education Writers Association National Seminar in Boston in May.
The stereotypes of the financially struggling college students are well-known. They live on ramen, share an apartment or house with several roommates, and work part-time for money to buy beer. They get summer jobs to cover college tuition and expenses. And they come from middle- and upper-class families, so if they do struggle sometimes to pay the bills, that scarcity is hip and cool.
An affordable college education. Politicians and bus stop ads promise it, students and parents dream of it. But can anyone define it?
Authors of one data-rich report tried their best to bring this vague yet crucial concept into focus by answering a simple question: What percent of your income would you need to pay to go to college in each state?
Last month, The Washington Post ran a front-page profile about Edwin Ordoñez: a high school valedictorian who swam across the Rio Grande with his father at age 9. Now he has protection from deportation and is choosing between admissions and scholarship offers from Emory, Williams and Princeton.
The converging trends of falling state investment, rising tuition and stagnant incomes have finally pushed higher education out of the grasp of low- and middle-income Americans, even at community colleges, a new report contends.
Since 2008 millions of adults have earned college degrees, but still less than half of the nation’s labor force has completed a postsecondary education.
Former Chancellors of Research Universities Warn Their Future Is in Peril
New Report Urges Dramatic Changes to Save a System That’s “Breaking Down”
The system for funding American flagship public universities is “gradually breaking down,” said Robert J. Birgeneau, a former chancellor of the University of California, Berkeley, and the co-chair of a two-year project to examine the role of public research universities and recommend changes to help them stay competitive.
When Yehimi Cambron crossed the U.S. border from Mexico with her parents, they told her she would not have documented legal status in this country. But as a third-grader, she had no concept of how that would affect her.
It wasn’t until she was 15 and denied a $50 prize in an art competition because she didn’t have a Social Security number that she grasped its meaning.
Do tests or high school grades better determine whether a student is ready for college-level math and reading? For public universities and community colleges, increasingly the answer is both – or no tests at all, reporters learned during a seminar hosted by the Education Writers Association in Los Angeles last month.
Jeb Bush & Higher-Education Reform: Forget ‘Free College’
Andrew Kelly and Jason Delisle for National Review
Federal higher-education policy is in shambles. The strategy of the past 40 years — to increase student aid, watch tuition rise, and increase student aid again — has reached a breaking point. Federal loans flow freely with few questions asked, giving colleges every incentive to raise tuition and enroll more students, but less reason to worry about whether those students learn anything. Tuition at the average public four-year college has nearly quadrupled since the early 1980s, pushing more students into debt.
Nearly everyone agrees that tuition tax benefits do little to expand college access. But the benefits are popular with the middle class, so policymakers won’t touch them. This brief by the New America Foundation examines who qualifies for the most generous benefit – The American Opportunity Tax Credit — and finds the biggest beneficiaries to be better-off students, and students attending for-profit colleges.
Income-based repayment plans are supposed to make student loan repayment more manageable for low-income borrowers. But critics say the programs offer a windfall to high-income, high-debt professionals, and encourage graduate schools to raise tuition. This paper by the American Enterprise Institute suggests steps to reduce this “moral hazard” and target the programs’ benefits to the neediest students.
Education reformers have long argued that more should be done to hold colleges accountable for the billions they receive in federal student aid. In Tough Love, Ed Trust proposes a system that would cut off aid to institutions with the lowest enrollment of low-income students (which it dubs “engines of inequality) and the worst graduation and loan- repayment rates (“dropout factories” and “diploma mills”).
President Obama’s revamped College Scorecard has been criticized for many things, not least the limitations of the data that underlie it. In this report, the former head of the Education Department’s statistical arm and another researcher find flaws with the Scorecard’s salary data and suggest some steps for fixing its shortcomings.
The College Board’s annual “Trends” reports are the go-to for statistics on student aid and college costs. The latest iteration of “Trends in Student Aid” shows that total student borrowing declined for a fourth straight year in 2014-2015, while grant aid continued to climb. Even so, borrowers continue to struggle with student debt, with nearly one in ten completers (and one in four drop-outs) defaulting within two years of entering repayment.